Badrinath is a holy town located in the Chamoli district
of Uttarakhand, India. It is situated at an elevation of 3,133 meters above sea level and is one of the four sacred shrines of Hinduism's Char Dham Yatra. The town is located on the banks of the Alaknanda River and is surrounded by the picturesque Himalayan mountains. The town is named after the Badrinath temple, which is dedicated to Lord Vishnu
Badrinath Temple, also known as the Badrinarayan Temple
, is a revered Hindu temple located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, India. The temple is one of the four sacred shrines in the region, collectively known as Char Dham, and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped in the form of Badrinath.
History and Significance:
The Badrinath Temple has a rich history dating back to ancient times. According to Hindu mythology, the temple is believed to have been established by Adi Shankaracharya
, a great philosopher and saint, in the 9th century. It is said that he discovered the idol of Lord Vishnu in the Alaknanda River and installed it in the temple.
The temple has undergone several renovations over the centuries, with the most recent one being in the 19th century, during the reign of the Garhwal Kings. Today, the temple stands tall as a symbol of Hindu culture and tradition, attracting thousands of devotees every year.
The temple holds great significance for Hindus, as it is believed that a visit to the temple washes away one's sins and grants salvation or moksha. It is also believed that Lord Vishnu meditated at this spot in his Badri form for thousands of years, making it a revered pilgrimage site.
The Badrinath Temple is built in the traditional North Indian style of architecture, with a tall, conical spire or shikhara rising above the sanctum sanctorum. The temple is made of stone and has intricate carvings and sculptures on its walls and pillars.
The main entrance of the temple is adorned with a large stone arch
, known as the Singh Dwar
, which is guarded by two life-size statues of Jay and Vijay, the gatekeepers of Lord Vishnu's abode, Vaikuntha
. The sanctum sanctorum houses the idol of Lord Vishnu in a meditative posture, carved out of a black stone.
The temple complex also has several other smaller shrines dedicated to various deities, including Lord Shiva
, Lord Ganesha
, and Goddess Saraswati
. The complex also includes a hot water spring, called Tapt Kund
, which is believed to have medicinal properties.
Pilgrimage and Festivals:
The Badrinath Temple is one of the most popular pilgrimage sites in India, attracting thousands of devotees every year. The temple is open to visitors from May to November
, with the peak season being from June to August. During this time, the region experiences pleasant weather, making it an ideal time for travel.
The temple also hosts several festivals throughout the year, including the Badri Kedar Festival, which is held in the months of June and July and celebrates the union of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Another significant festival is the Mata Murti Ka Mela
, which is held in September and is dedicated to the mother of Lord Badrinath.
Apart from the temple, Badrinath also has several other places of interest. One of the most popular tourist attractions is the Neelkanth Peak
, which is situated at an elevation of 6,597 meters above sea level. The peak is named after Lord Shiva, who is believed to have consumed poison at this place to save the world from destruction. The peak offers a breathtaking view of the Himalayan range and is a popular destination for trekkers and adventure enthusiasts.
Another popular tourist attraction in Badrinath is the Tapt Kund, a natural hot water spring situated near the Badrinath temple. The water in the spring is believed to have medicinal properties and is said to cure several ailments. The spring is also used by devotees for ritual purification before entering the temple.
Some of the Tourist Place must visit near Badrinath: 1. Mana Village:
This is the last village in India on the Indo-Tibetan border and is located just 3 km away from Badrinath. 2. Valley of Flowers National Park:
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this park is located around 24 km from Badrinath and is famous for its stunning meadows of alpine flowers. 3. Hemkund Sahib:
This is a Sikh pilgrimage site located around 18 km from Badrinath, at an altitude of 4,329 meters above sea level. 4. Vasudhara Falls:
Located around 9 km from Badrinath, these falls are known for their breathtaking beauty and are a popular trekking destination. 5. Charan Paduka:
This is a rock face located around 3 km from Badrinath and is believed to have footprints of Lord Vishnu. 6. Satopanth Lake:
This is a glacial lake located at an altitude of 4,402 meters above sea level and is considered to be one of the most beautiful lakes in India. It is located around 23 km from Badrinath. 7. Tapt Kund:
This is a natural hot spring located in Badrinath and is believed to have healing properties. 8. Narad Kund:
This is a natural hot water spring located in Badrinath and is considered to be a holy site. 9. Ghanta Ghar:
This is a clock tower located in the heart of Badrinath and is a popular landmark in the town. 10. Bheem Pul:
This is a natural rock bridge located around 3 km from Badrinath and is believed to have been built by the Pandavas during their exile.