Jim Corbett National Park is a famous wildlife reserve located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, India. The park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park and was later renamed after the famous British hunter and conservationist, Jim Corbett. The park covers an area of 520 square kilometers and is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the endangered Bengal tiger.
The history of Jim Corbett National Park can be traced back to the early 20th century when the area was known for its high concentration of tigers and other wildlife. At that time, the British government allowed the hunting of tigers as a sport, which led to a significant decline in their population. It was only in the 1920s that the government realized the need for conservation efforts and established the Hailey National Park, which later became Jim Corbett National Park.
The park was named after Jim Corbett, who was a hunter-turned-conservationist and played a significant role in creating awareness about the need for conservation efforts. Corbett spent a considerable amount of time in the park and was instrumental in establishing it as a protected area.
Jim Corbett National Park is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas and is spread across two districts - Nainital and Pauri Garhwal. The park is located at an altitude of 400 to 1200 meters above sea level and is characterized by its hilly terrain and dense forests.
The park is home to several rivers and streams, including the Ramganga River, which is the lifeline of the park. The river provides water to the park's wildlife and is also a popular spot for fishing and rafting.
One of the main attractions of Jim Corbett National Park is the safari experience. The park offers several safari options, including Jeep Safari, Canter Safari, and Elephant Safari. Visitors can explore the park and observe the wildlife in their natural habitat.
Jeep Safari is the most popular safari option and is ideal for those who want to cover a larger area of the park. The Jeep Safari can accommodate up to six people and takes visitors through the park's core zones, where they can spot tigers, leopards, elephants, and other wildlife.
Canter Safari is another popular option and is ideal for larger groups. The Canter Safari can accommodate up to 16 people and takes visitors through the park's buffer zones, where they can spot deer, birds, and other wildlife.
Elephant Safari is a unique experience and allows visitors to explore the park on elephant back. The Elephant Safari takes visitors through the dense forests, and visitors can spot wildlife from a close distance.
Apart from safari, Jim Corbett National Park offers several other activities for visitors. The park has several nature trails and trekking routes, which take visitors through the park's scenic landscape. Visitors can also enjoy bird watching, fishing, and river rafting in the park.
The park has several accommodation options, including forest lodges, resorts, and campsites. Visitors can choose from a range of options based on their preferences and budget.
Flora and Fauna:
Corbett National Park is home to a wide range of animals, including tigers, leopards, elephants, spotted deer, barking deer, sambar deer, langurs, and wild boars. It is also home to over 600 species of birds, including eagles, vultures, owls, and many more. The park has a rich variety of flora, including Sal forests, Khair-Sissoo forests, and Chir-Pine forests.
There are several accommodation options available within Corbett National Park, ranging from luxury resorts to budget lodges. Visitors can choose to stay in one of the government-run rest houses or opt for private accommodation. It is advisable to make bookings in advance, especially during peak tourist season.
Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Corbett National Park is between November and June. The park is closed during the monsoon season (July to October) due to heavy rainfall, which makes the roads impassable.
In conclusion, Jim Corbett National Park is a must-visit destination for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. The park's rich history, diverse flora and fauna, and safari experience make it a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.